Finding out more about Anne Boleyn

Following on from my post on ‘The Last Days of Anne Boleyn’ I thought it would be useful to suggest some further reading for anyone interested in finding out more about Anne.

The Life and Death of Anne Boleyn: The Most Happy – Eric Ives

Eric Ives brilliant book is seen by many as the definitive biography on Anne Boleyn. Expertly researched as you would expect from the leading expert on Anne it is a fascinating read and definitely one for the collection. Eric was a real Anne supporter and was very much of the view that Cromwell was responsible for her downfall. In the book he explores all the evidence in detail and makes a compelling argument in favour of this theory. Ives book is so much more than just an account of Anne’s downfall, it also provides detail on her early life, courtship with Henry and involvement in religion and politics. We don’t have much evidence on Anne ‘the person’ or her early years but Ives painstakingly put’s together everything we do have to paint a full and detailed account of her life.

Anne Boleyn: Fatal Attractions – G W Bernard

G W Bernard’s biography of Anne couldn’t be more different to Eric’s as he is of the opinion that Anne was guilty of adultery, which he also argued the case for in ‘The Last Days of Anne Boleyn’. Such is the difference of opinion between Bernard and Ives that they spent much of the 1990′s debating the subject in historical journals and when this book was published in 2011 it was seen by many as an attempt by Bernard to reignite the argument. As a huge fan of Anne Boleyn I totally disagree with what I’ve heard from Bernard but I am yet to read his book. Whilst I don’t believe it will sway my own opinions I definitely intend to read and review the book in the future as I think it’s important to hear all sides of an historical debate, however flimsy or sensational you believe the arguments to be!

The Lady In The Tower: The Fall of Anne Boleyn – Alison Weir

The third book I want to recommend is slightly different to Ives’ and Bernard’s biographies because it focuses only on the last days of Anne’s life much like the documentary ‘The Last Days of Anne Boleyn’ which author Alison Weir also appeared in. In her book Alison provides in-depth detail on Anne’s trial, her final days in the tower and her execution that is both well researched and engaging to read. Alison’s views very much shadow those of Ives in that she believes Cromwell was responsible for Anne’s downfall because they’d fallen out of politics and she threatened the security of his position.

The Rise and Fall of Anne Boleyn – Retha M Warnicke

To balance the arguments a little the final book I’m looking at is another controversial one that also goes against Eric Ives views. In Retha’s account of Anne Boleyn’s life she puts forward the theory that Anne miscarried a deformed foetus in 1536 and this caused her to be arrested on charges of witchcraft, incest and adultery. Warnicke also believes the men arrested with her where known homosexuals and that’s what helped the charges against them stick. Interestingly Philippa Gregory was the only person on ‘The Last Days of Anne Boleyn’ who seemed to give any credence to the myth that Anne’s miscarried a deformed foetus, a storyline she exploits in her novel ‘The Other Boleyn Girl’ along with the idea that Anne’s brother and co-accused, George Boleyn, was homosexual. Like Gregory I feel Warnicke has chosen to focus on some highly sensational rumours the evidence for which either doesn’t exist or comes from a very unreliable source. It is, however, always interesting to hear another side to this argument if only to keep this fascinating debate on Anne’s life alive and it’s why I thought Warnicke’s book deserved a mention here.

The Other Boleyn Girl

Author: Philippa Gregory

The Other Boleyn Girl is the story of the rise and fall of Anne Boleyn, told through the eyes of her sister Mary, the Boleyn girl of the title. It is a historical novel, full of romance, intrigue and excitement. It also explorers the relationship between the sisters and the role of women in Tudor times, illustrating just how little control women had over their own destiny’s and what they do to try and overcome that.

In the book Mary Boleyn is the younger of the two sisters and catches the eye of the young King Henry VIII when she is presented at court. Her father, Thomas Boleyn, and powerful uncle, the Duke of Norfolk, see this as the perfect opportunity for them to gain power and favour with the King and coerce Mary into sleeping with him, telling her it’s all for the good of the Boleyn family.

Mary and Henry VIII end up falling in love and begin a passionate affair but it doesn’t take long for Henry VIII’s eye to wander to Mary’s older sister, Anne Boleyn. Seeing this unfold and fearing they will lose the influence they have over Henry VIII if he takes a mistress from another powerful family, Thomas Boleyn and the Duke of Norfolk actively encourage the union, something Anne is only too willing to oblige them with as she has her own fierce ambitions.

250px Other Boleyn Girl 196x300 The Other Boleyn GirlAnne finally ends up marrying Henry VIII after a long courtship and this is played out in the background of Mary’s own story. The book is written in the 1st person so you are seeing things constantly through Mary’s eyes and how she thinks and feels about her situation. After her affair with Henry VIII Mary must still be serve her family’s interests and is at Anne’s side when her life begins to unravel as the pressures of surviving in the treacherous Tudor court take their toll. All the while Mary is secretly yearning for a more simple life and begins a touching romance with William Stafford who is a commoner, which causes Mary more trouble with her family.

Anne is portrayed in the book as being ruthless and manipulative, someone who will stop at nothing to achieve what she wants, including taking Henry VIII away for her sister (and his wife!). She isn’t written in a sympathetic light and many of the negative stereotypes about her are used, such implying that there is something unnatural about her relationship with her brother George. Research has discredited a lot of these claims and many people, myself included, believe Anne to have been a passionate and intelligent lady who was desperate to cling on to the position she had risen to and whose downfall was a result of the political power games and religious upheavals happening at the time rather than her own wrongdoing. That said, she is still a very interesting character in the book and it definitely makes you want to find out more about the real Anne Boleyn.

The main criticism aimed at The Other Boleyn Girl is about how historical accurate it is. It’s true that the author has used poetic licence with her story and picked on the theories that are most interesting rather than ones backed up with the most evidence. Indeed many of these theories can be found in Reetha Warnickes book, The Rise and Fall of Anne Boleyn, which paints a less sympathetic picture of her than Eric Ives brilliant book The Life and Death of Anne Boleyn. As an example, it’s widely believed by historians such as Ives, that Anne was the younger of the sisters and that Mary spent time in France, possibly even having an affair with King Francois I. All this speculative and will probably remain that way because the truth is there isn’t a great deal of primary historical evidence on Mary, just as there isn’t about Anne especially prior to her courtship with the King. Unfortunately what written evidence we do have on Anne has been written by people who had a very negative bias against her, such as the Spanish Amassador Chaupeys, a supporter of Catherine of Aragon. Philippa Gregory’s book is labelled as fiction and her purpose is therefore to entertain us so I think we can forgive her for taking some historical liberties and including the most explosive theories, as this makes for the best story.

I would just urge everyone not to believe the really negative view of Anne Boleyn and save your judgement of her until you’ve read a true, factual historical biography of her. If you take this book for what it is, a historical romance with elements of Tudor history then its a really enjoyable read. The authors descriptions of life in court are vivid and descriptive and really bring the period to life. You really feel for the women of the time who lacked any real power and were at the mercy of all the men in their life, be it fathers, uncles or husbands and ultimately, like everyone else, the King himself. The only real weapon they had at their disposal was their sexuality but they also needed to keep their wits about them if they were going to survive life in the dangerous Tudor court.

Sadly Anne is unable to control the forces around her or the people who mastermind her eventual downfall. Despite how Anne comes across in the book I did still feel extremley sorry for her and I found the end, despite knowing what was going to happen, really sad, even though there is a definite underlying tone in the book that she was guilty at least in part for what she was accused of. This is something I strongly disagree with, but as I said previously, this books interpretation of Anne isn’t to be taken as fact!

The other theme in the book that definitely resonated with me was that of the role of Tudor women and how their usefulness was judged by what successful marriage could be arranged for them. The Boleyn girls are pawns (as all girls were at that time) in their family’s game of court politics, helping them to gain power and favour. This left me feeling nothing but sympathy for them, and fortunate that I live in the modern world!

The Other Boleyn Girl is a great Tudor adventure story, the plots and sub plots are woven together beautifully and the characters are well written so you really care what happens to them, even if you don’t like them very much. It’s a must read for any fans of the Tudors or anyone who likes historical novels, I for one couldn’t put it down!

I’m sure, like me, The Other Boleyn Girl will make people want to research both of these fascinating Boleyn girls in more detail, what was the real reason for Anne’s downfall, was George really guilty of the charges and what role did his wife Jane really have in the story, what was the relationship like between the sisters and did Anne ever really love Henry VIII? There are so many questions that this book leaves you wondering about so some further reading is suggested below.